14 February 2019
Common Agricultural Policy: EU favours intensive livestock sector
A Greenpeace report published this month depicts the urgent need for a drastic rearrangement of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union. In this report, Greenpeace aimed to unearth the degree to which the CAP subsidises the livestock sector.
In 2017 an estimated 18 to 20 % of the overall EU budget was dedicated to livestock farms. This accounts for 28.5 to 32.6 billion Euros of direct payments and it is not the only money spent on livestock: market support and money from rural development funds come on top of the direct subsidies. At the same time, the European agricultural policy is driving a development towards intensive farming.
The report shows that while the number of farms in the EU rapidly decreases, those that remain are growing in size. This means that there are less, but larger farms with highly industrialised and specialised production methods. This development is especially apparent for livestock rearing farms, where there has been a 32 % drop of the number of farms between 2005 and 2013 and where now ¾ of all livestock is reared on very large farms. At the same time, livestock density and the volume of meat production are continuously increasing. Moreover, 63 % of EU crop farmland is used for fodder production and only a small fraction of livestock is fed on grassland, namely 20 % of cattle and 4 % of dairy cows. As the largest part of the CAP’s subsidies are paid per acreage, this results in an excessive support for the livestock industry.
Considering the huge amount of taxpayer money spent on an industry causing massive environmental as well as climate, health and animal welfare related problems, EVU encourages European decision makers to redesign the CAP so that it supports a transition of the agricultural sector.
24 January 2019
EVU’s EFFL article among the Top 5 of 2018
In last year’s second issue, the European Food and Feed Law Review (EFFL) featured an article written by EVU. EFFL is a bimonthly professional journal dedicated to legal issues in the European Food Sector. EVU’s article focuses on the definition of the terms ‘vegan’ and ‘vegetarian’, sales denominations of veggie-products as well as on the latest political developments in this field.
The analysis of EFFL revealed that EVU’s article belongs to the Top 5 most read contributions in 2018! EVU not only welcomes expert stakeholders’ interest in vegan and vegetarian food labelling but also takes this as a reason to further promote plant-based nutrition on a European level.
Take a look at EVU’s article here.
17 January 2019
Worrisome amendments confirmed to be dropped
The new year starts with good news, as the European Parliament’s questionable amendments 64 and 65 to the Commission’s proposal for an Unfair Trading Practices Directive seem to have been dropped completely.
On 16 November 2018 EVU reported on the two amendments that would have had the potential to seriously undermine animal welfare standards. They would have forbidden retailers to demand higher animal welfare or environmental standards from the producers than those required by law, which for example would have forced retailers to sell eggs from caged laying hens, whereas today the majority only accepts cage-free eggs due to public demand. The draft directive was set to be disputed in so-called “trilogue negotiations” between Council Presidency, Commission and Parliament. As no agreement could be reached in the first rounds of negotiations, the process was expected to be resumed in 2019. Yet, especially the Council Presidency Austria was eager to finalise it before Christmas. As a result, negotiations were concluded in an emergency trilogue meeting on 19 December.
According to our information, both of the questionable amendments have been removed wholly and are no longer part of the Draft Directive on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the food supply chain, which is due to be adopted in Parliament this year. EVU had pledged for their rejection in a co-signed statement with animal welfare organisations and is therefore glad about the outcome.
16 November 2018
EP to countermand animal welfare achievements
On 10 October 2018, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament decided on problematic amendments to the European Commission’s proposal for a “Directive on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the food supply chain”.
The amendments in question, numbers 64 and 65, read as follows:
Art. 3 lit. 1. Member States shall ensure that the following trading practices are prohibited:
AM 64: “A buyer unilaterally imposes quality standards that are not based on current legislation, quality schemes, science or current practices, which may have a distorting effect on trade.”
AM 65: “provisions laid down by the buyer regarding environmental protection and animal welfare standards which are more stringent than the relevant legal provisions in force.”
Should these amendments be included in the directive, it would mean that retailers are prohibited to demand higher animal welfare or environmental standards from the producers than those required by law. As a consequence, it would seriously undermine progress in animal welfare that has been achieved because retailers and food service providers often channel societal demands for higher welfare standards. For example when it comes to eggs from laying hens: Legal provisions allow the animals to be held in cages, whereas many retailers only accept cage-free eggs, due to societal pressure and demand for them. This established practice would not be possible anymore and retailers forced to sell eggs from sources with lower animal welfare standards.
EVU encourages everyone to switch to a plant-based diet. For environmental, resource, health and animal welfare related reasons, overall consumption of animal products should be reduced. If people occasionally include animal-based products in their diet, they should have the opportunity to choose products which have higher welfare criteria in order to signal their expectations towards the future development of the livestock sector. Consumers need freedom of choice in their purchasing decisions, so they can support products according to their notions. This is only possible if their demand is met with an appropriate supply.
Therefore, EVU joined a coalition of animal welfare and other organisations in the field to call on the Council of Ministers to stop amendment 64 and 65 to be included in the directive. You can find the appeal here.
31 October 2018
French Constitutional Council rejects ban on meaty names
Earlier in 2018, the French parliament adopted a new food law and thereby an amendment that would make it illegal to label vegetarian foods employing references to ‘meaty names’ such as “vegan bacon”, “vegan merguez” or “vegan sausage”. EVU and the Association Végétarienne de France (AVF) released a press statement, expressing their concern and critique for this backlash against consumer-friendly labelling for vegetarian and vegan food products.
Fortunately, on 25 October 2018, the French Constitutional Council has revoked the amendment that forbids meaty names. While this is to be welcomed and certainly a relief for French veggies, the reasoning behind the invalidation of this bill is more a procedural one. The amendment was supposed to contain regulation on healthy, sustainable and accessible food for all. The Council argued that a ban on meaty names for veggie products has nothing to do with this aim and is therefore out of place within this law.
EVU and AVF call on decision makers to leave it at that and refrain from making informed purchasing decisions much more complicated and difficult for consumers, by prohibiting product denominations that are helpful and useful for everyone.
For more information (in French) see this press release from EVU member AVF.
23 October 2018
European Vegetarian Union (EVU) comment on British study finding large amounts of salt in a variety of plant-based meat alternatives
More and more people choose processed vegetarian and vegan meat alternatives as an animal-friendly, sustainable and tasty option compared to the meaty equivalent. A British study now found large amounts of salt in a variety of meat-free alternatives, from which some even contain more salt per 100g than seawater. EVU puts the newly published study into context.
Some processed vegetarian and vegan alternatives do indeed contain large amounts of salt, but so do their ‘meaty’ equivalents – that is the result of a study published last year by the German Albert-Schweitzer-Stiftung (https://albert-schweitzer-stiftung.de/aktuell/fleischalternativen-im-test). Furthermore, the study showed that on average vegetarian and vegan processed foods are nutrition-physiologically actually more favourable than the non-veggie options. Reason being is the better content of protein, overall fat as well as saturated fat. Veggie-sausages and plant-based-burgers can therefore potentially be healthy alternatives to their meaty originals.
Nevertheless, EVU highlights the importance of a well-balanced and nutritious plant-based diet. Processed products such as meat alternatives should not constitute the majority of people’s diets. Due to the great variety of processed food available, EVU finds it inappropriate to make simplified health claims about a whole market sector and therefore encourages consumers to check the nutritious values of products before purchasing them.
EVU welcomes the growing availability of meat-free products but sees further potential in their nutrition-physiologically composition. Producing companies should not only consider a reduced amount of salt but also decreased overall and saturated fat levels. Meeting those requirements will make the occasional consumption of vegan and vegetarian meat alternatives even more joyful.
10 October 2018
IPCC publishes special report on global warming of 1,5°C
On 8 October, the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a special report on global warming. It outlines how the impacts we currently face at 1°C of global warming, like extreme heat or rising water levels, will further develop if we do not manage to limit the increase of global temperature to 1,5°C. In order to stay well below the 2°C line, the IPCC report regards major transformations in sectors like energy or transport as mandatory. EVU especially welcomes the consideration of diets as a measure to mitigate climate change.
In December 2018, the report by the IPCC will serve as one of the major inputs at the COP24 in Katowice, Poland, where governments from all around the world will review the Paris Agreement in terms of its potential to countervail climate change. The Paris Agreement, adopted by 195 nations in 2015, aims to strengthen the global response to climate change by keeping the increase of global warming below 2°C and pursue efforts to limit global temperature rise to 1,5°C.
EVU sees crucial evidence for the necessity of the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the published report. Therefore, we highlight the impact dietary choices have on climate change and encourage everyone to consider plant-based options. Since animal agriculture is among the leading contributors to greenhouse gas emission, a shift towards plant-based diets has great potential for the mitigation of climate change.
Read the IPCC’s report on global warming here.
5 September 2018
German Food Code Commission decides on veggie guidelines
On 21 August 2018, the German Food Code Commission (DLMBK) unanimously agreed on guidelines for labelling vegan and vegetarian alternatives to products that are usually derived from animals. The adoption of these guidelines initiates the final phases of a process of discussions and disputes among stakeholders that have been going on for years.
In 2016, the DLMBK committed to working out detailed guidelines for veggie alternatives. To this end, an expert committee was established, which EVU’s German affiliate, ProVeg (formerly VEBU), joined as an external advisor. ProVeg had repeatedly been making it clear that restrictions on ‘meaty’ terms are not needed since consumers are not deceived by them. This repeated emphasis successfully ensured that common food denominations such as ‘vegetarian schnitzel’ or ‘vegan sausage’ remain allowed by the guidelines.
Yet, due to the strict confidentiality policy of the DLMBK, the content of the newly adopted guidelines is not yet clear. However, it is evident from earlier drafts that producers will have to prepare for major changes in their labelling practices when it comes to more specific food items such as ‘vegan salami’. Many stakeholders, including ProVeg, have criticised this secrecy along with the DLMBK’s intervention in a functioning market segment.
EVU will report on the guidelines once they are made public, which is likely to happen by the end of this year.
20 August 2018
EVU urges EU to shift diets and production away from animal products
The European Union is aiming at developing a long-term reduction strategy for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2020. The strategy is supposed to be in line with the Paris Agreement and strengthen the vision of a low carbon economy that protects the planet and its people. Stakeholders have the opportunity to get involved in the development of the strategy by giving feedback to the European decision-makers. The EVU welcomes the opportunity to contribute to the EU climate policy.
The EVU encourages the EU Commission to introduce and prioritise the production and consumption of animal products within its climate policy. Animal agriculture is among the leading contributors to GHG emissions in the EU and worldwide. Furthermore, it aggravates climate change by destroying forests and other wildlands in order to provide fields for grazing and livestock feed crops production. The current extent of animal farming and the predominant diet within the EU, heavily relying on animal products, contradict the fulfilment of the Paris Agreement, especially when taking into account the production growth forecasts in the next decades.
The EVU, therefore, highlights the potential of plant-based diets for the GHG reduction strategy. Plant-based foods do not only produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions compared to animal-based foods but also require significantly fewer resources. The EVU encourages the European decision-makers to implement policy strategies, which support a gradual societal dietary change.
Read the whole feedback statement here.
13 August 2018
Continuing quarrels over sales denominations for plant milk in the US
The dairy industry in the United States has made several attempts to call attention to the “problem” of plant-based drinks being marketed as, for example, soy milk. So far there is no law comparable to the prohibition of dairy sales denominations for products not obtained from the milking of an animal within EU Regulation 1308/2013 in the US, which makes food labelling for plant-based milks more consumer-friendly. According to foodnavigator-usa.com however, plant-based milk producers have been sued several times because of this practice. Up to now, judges found the argument of consumer deception about the origin of these products not convincing and dismissed the cases.
Currently, the dispute is reaching another level, as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) attempts to implement a new “compliance policy” surrounding plant-based milks. An FDA official stated that people might not be deceived about the origin of the milk, but rather about its composition. He claimed that consumers might expect the same nutritional profile from almond milk as from cow’s milk, which can cause health problems for children. Therefore, current sales denominations should be reconsidered.
The EVU has been reporting on the legal situation in the EU as a result of Regulation 1308/2013 and its remaining controversies that keep being discussed in national courts. The EVU has also been involved in rebutting attempts to ban “meaty” terms for vegan and vegetarian alternatives in the EU and hopes that the US will refrain from implementing similar rules that are not consumer-friendly. Since the health-related arguments seem to be based solely on individual cases and it is not reasonable to presume consumers would expect the same nutritional composition from rice milk as from cow’s milk, it appears to be yet another attempt at protecting the dairy industry.
8 August 2018
International law symposium on vegan rights 2018
EVU’s Public Affairs Officer Ronja Berthold gave a presentation at this year’s International Vegan Rights Alliance (IVRA) Conference in Glasgow. The conference, initiated three years ago and held annually, is an opportunity for animal charities and food awareness organisations to discuss and share experiences regarding legal issues surrounding plant-based diets. This time, topics included the EU’s principle of non-discrimination in relation to plant-based diets, the provision of plant-based meals in public canteens throughout different EU member states as well as worldwide individual legal cases covering various aspects of plant-based lifestyles.
The EVU presented developments regarding the legal definitions of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian” for the purpose of food labelling, where the European Commission has pledged to start working on the respective implementing act in 2019. Furthermore, Europe-wide political attempts to ban “meaty” terms for vegan and vegetarian alternatives were discussed and legal prerequisites in this field reconsidered.
The IVRA law symposium is a great opportunity for international exchange and support among various organisations to push for the implementation of vegan and vegetarian rights in daily life. More information on the conference can be found here.
France to privilege meat over reason
On 22 May 2018, the French Parliament will vote on a law that contains an amendment which would ban “meaty” sales denominations for vegan and vegetarian products. If approved, the law would make product names such as “vegan merguez” illegal, with infringement fines of up to 300.000€. The EVU and the French Vegetarian Society express their concern about these developments in the following press release.
The French version of the press release is available here.
4 May 2018
Ban on dairy denominations for plant-based products remains controversial
According to a press release by plant-based foods manufacturer “Alpro”, the Dutch Court of Appeal of ’s Hertogenbosch ruled in December 2017 that the company may label its products with terms like “alternative to milk” or “variation to dairy”. This shows that plant-based milk denomination is more complicated than the ECJ ruling of 2017 might suggest and that discussions around the topic are not concluded. As the press release depicts, the Dutch Court stated: “With Alpro, the court of appeal is of the opinion that usage of the word combination ‘(plant-based) variation to yoghurt’ … is not intended to use the reserved dairy denomination ‘yoghurt’ as a denomination or as an indication for the relevant soy products, but that it is intended to express that its soy products constitute a plant-based alternative to the dairy product ‘yoghurt’”. Consequently, it does not view this kind of food labelling as contradictory to EU law, specifically to EU regulation 1308/2013, which states that “‘Milk’ means exclusively the normal mammary secretion obtained from one or more milkings without either addition thereto or extraction therefrom.”
The ECJ ruling of 2017, pointing out that denominations such as “tofu butter” are contradictory to the protection of dairy terms under EU law, has shown that banning these terms for plant-based products is not a question of practicality and consumer orientation, but rather one of catering to the dairy industry. It is the EVU’s position that “milky names” on plant-based milk alternatives convey important information on what consumers can expect from a product. Hence, they guide consumer purchase decisions in a useful and straightforward way. Furthermore, producers of plant-based alternatives typically communicate the vegetarian or vegan characteristic clearly on the packaging as it is a sales argument and in everybody’s interest to clarify the difference.
As it was foreseen last year, the ECJ ruling has triggered an important discussion and it is likely that there will be more cases like “Alpro’s” in the Netherlands in the future.
24 April 2018
EVU publishes position paper on traces of animal substances
Sporadically, the existence of traces of animal substances in food products labelled as vegan or vegetarian is considered to be problematic. The EVU provides a detailed position on this topic. Download position paper on traces (pdf).
23 April 2018
EVU comments once more on legal professional discourse surrounding veggie labelling
The European Food and Feed Law Review is a bimonthly professional journal dedicated to legal issues in the European Food Sector. Its latest issue features an article on the topics of the definition of the terms ‘vegan’ and ‘vegetarian’ and sales denominations for veggie products as well as latest political developments in the field, written by EVU’s Public Affairs’ manager Felix Domke.
Take a look at the current issue here.
23 March 2018
EVU’s contribution to “A protein plan for Europe”
The European Commission is planning to publish “A protein plan for Europe”, a policy plan for the future development of protein within the EU, at the end of this year. The report will assess “the state of play and possible future measures” concerning protein crops in Europe. As a way to consult the public, it recently set up a stakeholder survey. The EVU took the opportunity to submit its answers to questions surrounding different protein crops, the market situation for protein plants and fields of improvement.
In doing so, the EVU advised European politics to put a focus on shifting away from animal-based products towards plant-based protein as the main protein source. This would have a positive effect on health and environment, as animal products are firstly linked to a number of non-communicable diseases and secondly produce the highest greenhouse gas emissions among all food commodities. Furthermore, food and water waste can be reduced if protein plants are directly used for human consumption instead of animal feed. The energy conversion from protein plant to protein from animal foodstuffs is inefficient compared to a direct conversion of plant protein to caloric energy for humans in the form of plant-based foods.
The EVU will keep track of the outcome of the survey as well as the report and the Commission’s future “protein plan for Europe” and will keep pointing towards negative impacts in relation to a focus on animal-based protein.
The survey answers can be found here.
Grand Coalition in Germany pledges to advocate for European veggie definition
Negotiations for a new coalition treaty between Social and Christian Democrats in Germany came to an end yesterday. A first draft of the treaty shows that the German government is speaking up for a European legal definition of the terms vegan and vegetarian. It is written in there: “At European level, we aim to establish legally binding criteria for the labelling of vegetarian and vegan foodstuffs.”
During his last term in office, Federal Minister for Agriculture and Food, Christian Schmidt, already took action and approached the responsible European Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis. In a letter, he asked the Commissioner to issue the implementing act needed for veggie labelling criteria. With the latest commitment expressed in the coalition treaty draft, the German government sends another strong signal to the European Executive.
EVU Public Affairs is currently in dialogue with Member State organisations to urge their governments to take similar action. Joint efforts with voices from several Member States will help to keep up the pressure on the Commission, which stated it will pick up work on the issue in 2019 but will face Brexit, EP elections and a new College of Commissioners that year.
More information on the issue of a definition for the terms vegan and vegetarian can be found here.
15 January 2018
Tesco launches own vegan product range – labelling should be considered
The UK’s biggest food retailers Tesco and Sainsbury’s have launched their own vegan product range “The Wicked Kitchen”. The new plant-based convenience products are now sold in over 600 supermarkets in the UK and consist of sandwiches, wraps, bowls, salads and pizzas.
According to Tesco, the introduction of these products is a direct response to the rising demand for plant-based meat alternatives and ready-to-eat meals, especially among flexitarians and reducetarians. Unfortunately, the front of the products’ packaging does not indicate their vegan content. On foodnavigator.com the EVU recommends clearly visible labelling of foods suitable for vegans or vegetarians, in order to make it easier for shoppers to find plant-based alternatives and normalise plant-based lifestyles.
2018 Commission Work Programme – Vegetarian labelling set on track
Europe-wide criteria for definitions of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian” for food labelling will become law in 2020. This is the very tangible outcome that is now in sight after the European Commission published its work programme for the upcoming year. European consumers of vegan and vegetarian foods as well as their suppliers in production and retail will be able to rely on one set of rules for plant-based food. This will improve the positions of all parties involved in the food chain. The commitment of the EU-Executive is now on record and paves the way for a crucial piece of ‘vegetarian law’.
Read the full press release here.
20 October 2017
Belgium now has two food pyramids. The Flemish Institute for Healthy Life “Gezond Leven” developed a new food pyramid that places processed meat outside of it – which means you don’t need any of it.
The new pyramid features some exciting changes, e.g. processed meat is no longer in it. Instead, it is placed outside of it in a small circle, together with alcoholic beverages, fast food, salty snacks, sugary beverages and sweets. This category is meant for products that you absolutely don’t need in your diet. Besides that, the pyramid is inverted, which means it displays the products consumers should consume the most of at the top, the least of at the bottom. Unprocessed meat is at the bottom, together with processed foods rich in trans-fatty acids, such as butter. Fruits and vegetables are at the very top.
For more information check here.
“Vegan Schnitzel” stays “vegan Schnitzel”. Big loss for German Federal Minister Schmidt
Despite calls by the German Food Minister and national farmers’ and butchers’ associations, a ban on “vegan schnitzel” and “vegetarian bratwurst” in Germany is unlikely to happen. The German Food Code Commission has submitted a draft for feedback which allows the use of certain “meaty names” on vegetarian and vegan meat alternatives. EVU’s German affiliate ProVeg (former VEBU) was part of the Commission’s negotiations and worked hard to bring about consumer-friendly labelling.
Read the full press release here.
The Guardian: the Swedish farmer using oats to make milk
“After the first year of producing oats [for oat milk instead of oats for animal feed] Arnesson’s farm was producing double the amount of calories for human consumption per hectare and had halved the climate impact of each calorie produced.”
Read the full article here.
27 July 2017
EVU suggests revising archaic elements in the light of pending evaluation of Common Market Organisation (CMO)
The European Commission currently invites stakeholders to provide feedback on the scope of a pending evaluation of marketing standards set in the Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 on the Common Market Organisation for agricultural products. As this regulation specifies that plant-based alternatives to milk may not bear “dairy” sales denominations, the EVU has criticised these outdated elements, especially in the light of the recent judgement by the European Court of Justice (see below).
Specifically, the EVU suggests assessing whether rules on product denominations in the CMO are still warranted in the light of evolving consumer perceptions and changing dietary behaviours, with regard to growing food sectors which deserve similar consideration as the dairy industry and with a view to establishing more cohesion in EU food information law.
The EVU’s full statement can be found here.
Today’s verdict by the ECJ has little to do with consumer protection. The court has made it clear that the regulation under discussion is first and foremost motivated by economic concerns. Furthermore, the court’s strict interpretation of the regulation contradicts consumer perception and everyday language. The EVU does not think today’s ruling has been a decision on whether terms like “milk” and “cheese” are misleading for labelling vegetarian products. Instead, it has shown that the existing regulation has to be discussed in the future.
The court’s decision is regrettable but comes as no surprise given the strict wording of the regulation. Plant-based alternatives to milk products have been on the market for many years. As many of them have been developed and produced specifically to resemble the “originals”, they should be allowed to be marketed under similar sales denominations. It is the EVU’s position that “milky names” on plant-based milk alternatives convey important information on what consumers can expect from a product. Hence, they guide consumer purchase decisions in a useful and straightforward way. Furthermore, the vegetarian or vegan characteristic is communicated clearly, as it is in everybody’s interest to clarify the difference.
Last but not least, the EVU think today’s decision has triggered an important discussion which we will continue in the future.
CLITRAVI calls for ban on “meaty names” for labelling veggie products & EVU approaching joint position on vegetarian definitions together with European food industry
As FoodNavigator reports, CLITRAVI, the association that represents the European processed meat industry, urges the Commission to ban vegetarian products from using meat names. However, there are differing interpretations concerning the possible legal basis (article 36.3[b] in the Food Information to Consumers [FIC] regulation): The EVU and many others take the view that the article covers only a call for the pending legally-binding definition of vegetarian and vegan foods.
The Commission appears to share this position and has made it clear that it does not intend to act on this issue, according to Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Vytenis Andriukaitis (further information here and here).
Regarding the definition of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian” for the purpose of food labelling, the EVU closes in on a joint position with FoodDrinkEurope, the umbrella organisation of the European food industry. Remaining differences are currently discussed.
EVU becomes an EFSA Registered Stakeholder
The EVU applied to be a Registered Stakeholder at the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in order to contribute to its activities. EFSA is the agency of the European Union that provides scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. The work of EFSA covers all matters related to food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, and nutrition.
More information can be found on EFSA’s website
EVU publishes new position paper: Sales Denominations of Vegetarian Meat Alternatives
As many vegetarian alternatives to meat products have been developed and produced specifically to resemble the “originals”, they are marketed under similar sales denominations, such as “vegan sausage”. Recently, as sales figures have been booming, this has been met with criticism by certain stakeholders.
It is the EVU’s position that “meaty names” on vegetarian meat alternatives convey important information on what consumers can expect of a product. Hence, they guide consumers’ purchase decisions in a useful and straightforward way.
The complete position paper can be found here.
Portuguese parliament approves law that makes mandatory the availability of a vegan option in all state canteens
The proposal was inspired by a petition initiated by the Associação Vegetariana Portuguesa, gathering over 15,000 signatures, and put forward by animal rights party PAN. According to news articles, the law states that the new menu option mustn’t contain any animal products.
“Supermarket makeover” to cut meat consumption
As The Guardian reports, British shoppers are to become subject of an interesting experiment aimed at making them cut their meat consumption in order to improve human health in a world going through profound climate change. The project, in which Sainsbury’s is one of the key collaborators, will see supermarkets redesigned.
“Proposals include: placing vegetarian alternatives on the same shelves as meat products; giving vouchers and loyalty points to shoppers who choose vegetarian products; and providing recipes and leaflets that outline how shoppers can eat less meat”.
Efforts to take certain steps to get people to eat more vegetarian foods comes in the wake of a study, published by Oxford University scientists in April 2016 (see EVU news below), which concluded that eating fewer animal products could reduce global mortality and cut greenhouse gas emissions substantially.
EVU provides working translations of its proposed definition of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian” for food labelling
The EVU starts its political work in 2017 by publishing translations of its proposed definition into several official languages of the European Union (including Dutch, French and Spanish) with more to come. The translations will be used for approaching the European Commission and stressing the need for a legal definition. For the past five years and despite a clear mandate for action stipulated in the Food Information to Consumers Regulation (FIC), the Commission has remained inactive.
The EVU invites you to spread and use the translations.
The translations can be found here.
Veggie definition: 5 years of inactivity by the European Commission
“5 years ago, the EU Food Information to Consumers Regulation (FIC) stipulated that the European Commission is to issue an implementing act defining requirements for information related to the suitability of a food for vegetarians and vegans”, says Till Strecker, the European Vegetarian Union’s (EVU) Public Affairs Manager. Despite growing pressure from politicians, consumer organisations, and the food industry, the Commission has failed to act upon this responsibility in the past five years.
Find the recent EVU information and EVU’s position paper here.
Updated EVU position paper on Novel Foods
As the legislative procedure concerning the modernisation of the European Regulation on Novel Foods is concluded, the EVU has published an updated position paper.
The EVU welcomes the new Regulation as a necessary and timely measure for bringing more numerous and more varied plant-based foods to the European market and to the consumer’s plate.
The EVU expresses the hope that the market entry threshold for developers and importers of novel vegetarian and vegan foods is lowered compared to the situation set to prevail until 2018. Furthermore, the EVU offers its expertise and hopes to be included in the circle of stakeholders consulted for the implementation.
$1.25 Trillion investor coalition urges multinational companies to move away from animal-based proteins
A coalition of 40 institutional investors has launched an engagement with 16 multinational food companies (including Kraft Heinz, Nestle and Unilever) highlighting the material risks posed by industrial animal production. The coalition urges companies to set strategies to diversify into plant-based sources of protein.
The investors warn of the risks associated with the growing global demand for protein and an overreliance on the unsustainable factory farming of livestock for its supply. They highlight the environmental, social and public health risks inherent in this model, which financial markets are not currently valuing appropriately.
Jeremy Coller, the founder of the Farm Animal Investment Risk & Return (FAIRR) Initiative, that has brought together the coalition, said:
“The world’s overreliance on factory farmed livestock to feed the growing global demand for protein is a recipe for a financial, social and environmental crisis. Intensive livestock production already has levels of emissions and pollution that are too high, and standards of safety and welfare that are too low. It simply can’t cope with the projected increase in global protein demand. Investors want to know if major food companies have a strategy to avoid this protein bubble and to profit from a plant-based protein market”.
Together with ShareAction, FAIRR has published a new briefing entitled “The future of food – the investment case for a protein shake up”.
Read FAIRR’s press release here.
UN expert calls for tax on meat production
Prof Maarten Hajer, the lead author of a recently published UN-report, has stated that governments “should tax meat production in order to stem the global rise in consumption and the environmental damage that goes with it”, according to the Guardian.
As global consumption is projected to rise significantly over the next 10 years (20 per cent rise in chicken and dairy consumption, 14 per cent in pig and beef), people have to be deterred from eating meat by increasing its price. According to Hajer, “our current food system has to change because it’s not sustainable”.
Big companies identify appetite for plant-based milk
Financial Times has published an interesting article on the boom of plant-based milk products, featuring many facts and figures.
As per capita consumption of milk has dropped 4.1 per cent in Europe over the past five years and even stronger in the US (13 per cent), worldwide sales of non-dairy milk alternatives more than doubled between 2009 and 2015, according to Euromonitor. The market has grown to a sales volume of $21 bn.
As a new development, “big global beverage food and drinks companies that traditionally have not been dairy focused are also entering the market as they seek to diversify away from fizzy drinks”. Names include Coca Cola, Unilever and Danone.
While serving the same needs, plant-based milk has an ecological advantage over animal’s milk. Furthermore, more and more consumers choose plant-based alternatives due to obvious concerns over issues such as animal welfare and antibiotic use.
China plans to cut meat consumption by 50 per cent
The Guardian reports that new dietary guidelines recently published by the Chinese government outline a plan to reduce its citizens’ meat consumption by 50 per cent. The measures, designed to improve public health, have been cheered by climate campaigners as a major step to tackle climate change.
Furthermore, it is perceived as an important leadership step. Last year, the Chatham House Institute has stated in a groundbreaking study that as the general public is unaware of the issue and unlikely to change consumption patterns, governments must lead in shifting attitudes and behaviour.
As China became a global economic power, the country’s meat consumption has skyrocketed from 13 kg of meat per person/year in 1982 to 63 kg today. This trend is expected to continue. Animal farming is responsible for 14.5 per cent of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (latest FAO figures) and is, therefore, one of the key drivers of climate change.
Read the in-depth article here.
Expert group proposes new global food waste standard – ignores food loss due to animal farming
A group of specialist institutions including the FAO has issued a report, proposing a universal standard to measure food waste and setting definitions and measurement requirements.
“The amount of food lost or wasted translates into about a quarter of all water used by agriculture, requires cropland equivalent an area the size of China, and is responsible for an estimated 8 per cent of global greenhouse gas emission“
However, EVU highlights that even though the report aims at cutting food waste, it fails to recognise that over one-third of global crop calories are used as animal feedstuff. Inefficient conversion into animal protein means that enormous amounts of agricultural produce are lost in the course of the production of animal products. Therefore, shifting production patterns and diets is key for cutting food waste and should be recognised by stakeholders.
Read the study here.
Politico EU policy newsletter features German breakthrough
EVU’s Till Strecker talked to “Politico Morning Agri & Food”, the main source for EU food policy updates, about Germany’s new
de facto vegetarian labelling rules.
Read it here (“Germany leads way on vegetarian food labelling”).
FoodNavigator features article on Germany’s definition breakthrough
FoodNavigator covers the recent German development concerning the definitions of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian”
for food labelling and EVU’s efforts in detail.
Read the full article here.
Vegetarian Food labelling breakthrough: Updates & Information
As mentioned before, the consumer protection ministers of the German Länder unanimously voted in favour of a proposal for a legally binding definition of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian”.
The EVU is positive that this will send a strong signal to the European Commission in order to fulfil its obligation to adopt an implementing act on legally binding definitions as stated in the Food Information Regulation.
Find more information and an updated position paper here.
Commission will prosecute Germany for water pollution
EurActiv reports that the European Commission will prosecute Germany “for failing to take effective measures against water pollution caused by nitrates”. Despite worsening pollution in surface waters and groundwater and earlier warnings, Brussels has stated that Germany did not take sufficient measures “to effectively address nitrates pollution and revise its relevant legislation to comply with the EU rules”.
The main source of nitrate, predominantly used for fertilization, is intensive livestock farming.
Read the Commissions’ press release here.
2 May 2016
Google names “plants to replace meat” as one of the most important tech trends
Eric Schmidt, executive chairman of Google’s parent, Alphabet, has laid out several game-changing technologies that have the potential to change the world. Among them, he named synthetic food from plant proteins that communities could use to replace meat.
“Replacing livestock with growing and harvesting plants could reduce greenhouse gas emissions and fight climate change”, he argued. Furthermore, as meat production is costly and inefficient, cost of foods could be lowered in developing countries.
Find tech trends here.
Denmark is considering to tax meat to help combat climate change
Denmark currently discusses taxing meat in order to reduce consumers’ meat consumption. Initially, there would be a tax on beef, subsequently extended to all meats, varying according to their contribution to climate change.
Interestingly, the Danish Council of Ethic’s spokesperson Mickey Gjerris stated that as relying on consumers to change their own consumption “will not be effective”, regulation will be required.
Animal farming is responsible for 14.5 – 18 per cent of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (FAO figures) and is, therefore, one of the key drivers of climate change.
Vegetarian Food Labelling: Breakthrough in Germany
The consumer protection ministers of the German Länder unanimously voted in favour of a proposal for a legally binding definition of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian”. At their meeting in Düsseldorf, the ministers backed a formula which had been consensually developed by a working group of the Länder, the German food industry and the EVU’s German affiliate VEBU.
Whilst the decided definition is meant to be implemented at the European level, the consumer protection ministers put it into effect for the food control authorities of their jurisdictions.
The EVU expects this decision to send a strong signal to the European Commission to fulfil its obligation to adopt an implementing act on voluntary labelling of vegan and vegetarian food according to the Food Information Regulation 1169/2011.
23 April 2016
1st International Law Symposium on Vegan Rights
On 23rd of April 2016, Germany’s VEBU und and International Vegan Rights Alliance presented the 1st International Law Symposium on the Right to a plant-based diet. This pioneering event brought lawyers and experts from different countries together in Berlin to share knowledge and discuss ways to progress the campaign for the right to a vegan diet.
The group issued a concluding declaration, available here.
12 April 2016
Scientists at Oxford University have tried to quantify the potential health and environmental benefits of a global shift towards more plant-based diets. They found that vegetarian diets could save millions of lives. Even a transition in line with standard dietary guidelines already could reduce global mortality by 6-10 % and food-related greenhouse gas emissions by 29-70 % compared with a reference scenario in 2050.
“Our study provides a comparative analysis of the health and climate change benefits of global dietary changes for all major world regions. We project that health and climate change benefits will both be greater the lower the fraction of animal-sourced foods in our diets.”
Read the full study here.
Eurobarometer on Animal Welfare ignores potential of vegetarian products
The statistical agency of the European Commission, EUROSTAT, has published a Special Eurobarometer on the “Attitudes of Europeans towards Animal Welfare”.
The report shows some encouraging results. It reveals that an overwhelming majority of European citizens demands better welfare standards for farmed animals as well as for companion animals. About 90 per cent think that imported animal products should fulfil the same requirements with regard to animal welfare as products from within the EU. This is an important hint to policymakers in Europe and the Member States. They need to take this clear demand into consideration when negotiating international trade agreements etc.
However, the report fails to see the immense animal welfare potentials of vegetarian products. Plant-based foodstuffs are always more animal-friendly than their animal-based counterparts. Vegetarian lifestyles – from meat-reduced flexitarianism to veganism –provide the opportunity to improve animal welfare without cutbacks on taste and enjoyment of food. Plant-based foods are also more environmentally friendly.
In future surveys on animal welfare, this perspective needs to be taken into account and plant-based alternatives to animal products and vegetarian lifestyles need to be included in the questionnaires. Policy plans in general, as well as statistical reports on animal welfare, are incomplete without reference to vegetarian lifestyles and their potentials.
Read the full report here.
15 March 2016
EU healthy eating funding discriminates against plant proteins, ENSA says
As the European Union is currently merging today’s separate EU school milk and fruit schemes and boosting their combined annual budget by 20 million to 250 million a year, the European Natural Soy and Plant-Based Foods Manufacturers Association (ENSA) complains that the scheme excludes products that are as nutritious as dairy and serve the same needs, namely plant-based proteins.
For years, the EVU has voiced that the scheme, designed to improve the health of young Europeans, leaves many pupils behind and has called for inclusion of plant milk. Furthermore, plant-based milk has an ecological advantage over cow’s milk. Download EVU’s position paper here.
What is vegetarian? EVU comments on legal professional discourse
In its current issue, the leading European food law magazine European Food and Feed Law Review features an article written by EVU’s Public Affairs’ manager Till Strecker on the topic of defining the terms vegan and vegetarian, legal situation and latest political developments.
Take a look at the current issue here.
16 February 2016
EurActiv has published a video that highlights the fact that meat production is the most significant contributor to agricultural greenhouse gas emissions in the EU. In 2012, agriculture accounted for 10 per cent of total emissions. “Experts say that if Europe were to cut its meat and dairy intake by half, net greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture would decrease by 42%”. The video states that even though the European Commission is working on reducing agricultural emissions, changing consumption patterns is not on the agenda.
The connection between meat consumption and global warming is clearly acknowledged by the video that was even co-financed by the European Commission. Ironically, the video states that “changing consumption patterns is not currently on Europe’s agenda, but the Commission is working on reducing the impact of agriculture on global warming”. Unambitiously, this is done by shifting 30 per cent of the Common Agriculture Policy’s direct payments towards “green farming practices that focus on biodiversity, water and soil quality and capturing carbon”. The mismatch between livestock’s impact on global warming and the lack of action to tackle this urgent problem is obvious.
Immediate actions must be taken to shift consumption patterns.
Watch the video here.
Europe’s climate change goals ‘need profound lifestyle changes’
According to a leaked European Commission document obtained by the Guardian, EU member states should prepare for a far-reaching debate on how to limit global warming to 1,5°C. Slamming the brakes on climate change will require exploring possibilities for “profound lifestyle changes of current generations”.
Considering the fact that 14.5 per cent of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions originates from livestock farming, it is clear that reducing global consumption of animal products will be crucial for mitigating the catastrophic effects of climate change.
Read the full article here.
25 January 2016
EurActiv, the leading online media on EU affairs, states: “Carbon emissions from agriculture have doubled in just five years, mainly due to increases in livestock breeding and the methane these animals emit”. Agriculture’s carbon footprint has exploded – however, this has not triggered any meaningful regulatory response from the EU. Recently, the EU decided not to limit enteric methane emissions from livestock farming. The current EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), due to be reformed in 2020, largely ignores the threat posed by emissions from the livestock farming sector.
Read the full article here.
13 January 2016
By 2050, the world’s population will likely increase by 35%. To feed that population, crop production will need to double. What can we do to feed the growing population and protect the environment at the same time? In this video, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations answers the question. 36% of global crop calories are used as animal feedstuff. A change in diets is much-needed.
05 December 2015
Initiated by several members of the EP, 110 participants joined a movie screening of “Cowspiracy – The Sustainability Secret” in the EP this week. Cowspiracy is a documentary following filmmaker Kip Andersen as he uncovers the devastating ecological effects of animal agriculture. Among other speakers, EVU’s vice-president Felix Hnat gave input by conducting a presentation on the much-needed vegan trend and participated in the ensuing debate.
See the trailer here.
24 November 2015
“Changing Climate, Changing Diets: Pathways to Lower Meat Consumption” – a new report published by the Chatham House Royal Institute of International Affairs finds that reducing global meat consumption will be critical to keeping global warming below a dangerous level. Even though global appetite for meat is a major driver of climate change, meat remains largely off the policy agenda. As public awareness of the issue is low, the report states that governments must lead to shifting attitudes and behaviour.
Read the full report including findings, analyses and recommendations here.
20 November 2015
This week, EVU’s Public Affairs Manager Till Strecker was invited as a guest to a discussion at FoodDrinkEurope’s expert group meeting on food information to consumers. During the constructive debate, several questions concerning EVU’s proposal for definitions of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian” were discussed. EVU appreciated the interest in the topic and is confident that in further discussions, a reasonable solution that incorporates the interests of consumers, industry and retailers will be found.
FoodDrinkEurope is the leading food industry confederation in the European Union.
26 October 2015
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), has officially classified processed meats (such as bacon, ham and sausages) as carcinogenic, hence increasing the risk of certain forms of cancer. Based on a meta-review of more than 800 studies, the experts found convincing evidence that eating 50 grams of processed meat every day increased the risk of bowel cancer by 18%. Furthermore, red meat was declared as probably carcinogenic. IARC’s classification refers to the strength of the scientific evidence about an agent being a cause of cancer.
Further information can be found here (IARC press release).
13 October 2015
Currently, a reform of the regulation on organic farming is underway. In its vote on the reform proposal, the Agriculture Committee of the European Parliament (COMAGRI) has endorsed amendments extending the organic farming proposal mentioning lithothamne algae. If passed in the continuing legislative procedure, the law would expressly provide that “algae, including seaweed and lithothamne” may be used in the processing of organic food. Lithothamne algae is commonly added to milk alternatives due to its high content of calcium. In the past, there has been a legal challenge debating the question of whether lithothamne may be used in organic food. As a result, producers face uncertainty whether milk alternatives with increased calcium content can be labelled organic, an issue that can be regarded as a competitive disadvantage.
The EVU will closely observe the ongoing trilogue discussions and try to increase awareness. Find more information here.
25 September 2015
To date, there is no legally binding definition of the terms “vegan” and “vegetarian”, which makes food labelling of veggie products difficult. As the number of vegans, vegetarians and people who turn to more plant-based lifestyles is steadily increasing, the EVU urges the European Commission to follow its obligation and issue a definition.
Find more information and the updated position paper here.
23 September 2015
Sustainable food and animal protection NGOs join forces this Tuesday with Members of the EP to urge the European Commission to develop a strategy towards a sustainable food and farming system in the EU. Humane Society International in collaboration with Compassion in world farming, Food for life and EP’s Sustainable Food Systems Group offer a lunch free from animal products, additives and GMOs. The alliance highlights that current levels of meat consumption are completely unsustainable. “For the sake of animal welfare, the environment and our own health and well-being, it is essential that we do not delay in taking steps to moderate our consumption of animal products” (Dr Joanna Swabe, executive director of HSI/Europe).
When? 29 September 2015, 12:00 – 14:30.
Where? On the Esplanade of the European Parliament, Brussels.
Further information can be found here.
21 June 2013
Millions of Europeans adhere to a vegetarian or vegan diet. Far more are reducing their intake of animal products. Surprisingly, no precise statistics on numbers, motivations and market shares of vegetarian/vegan products are available. Initiated by the EVU, MEP Ismail Ertug (Social Democrat) has asked the Commission if aspects of vegetarian diets and the market for vegetarian products will be surveyed by Eurostat or other adequate authorities in order to obtain reliable figures. However, The Commission has responded by stating that there are no plans to prioritise this issue.
Clearly, data on vegetarianism/veganism would be of great interest and relevance to the vegetarian movement, national and local governments, to the food and catering industry as well as to social and health sciences.